Vaccinate boys against HPV
Some HPVs are responsible for 6,300 cancers in France.
Men represent 1/4 of cancers associated with HPV infection. The most common cancers for them are first of the ENT type and then involve the anus and penis. This is the argument put forward in 2019 by the High Authority for Health (HAS) to justify the expansion of the vaccination of boys aged 11 to 14 with a possible catch up to 19 years.
According to the expert committee: “The data are still insufficient, but suggest a probable efficacy of the Gardasil vaccine in the ENT sphere. It has also proven its clinical efficacy in men in preventing lesions due to vaccine genotypes: anogenital warts 89.9% and precancerous lesions of the anus. "
The advantage of targeting all boys is to avoid any stigma regarding their sexual orientation.
When a girl or a boy enters adolescence, it is now considered legitimate to be concerned with his sexual education and to try to instill in him notions of prevention.
Although I understand the interest of parents to infantilize their children to keep them dependent, I do not think that at their age they are poorer sexually than we are. It is actually illogical to deal with the sexuality of your children just as children do not have to deal with the sexuality of their parents.
However, it is fun to try to instill notions of prevention. Since the dawn of time, we have not tried, but we have succeeded and it was not a question of concepts, but of global information in all areas.
Vaccination against the human papillomavirus (HPV) has been on the immunization schedule for young girls since 2008 and for young boys since 2020. The vaccine has been recommended since 2017 for homosexuals up to the age of 26.
The vaccination is performed with 2 doses of Gardasil 9 supported by the CSG. There are about thirty countries which recommend this vaccination to young people of both sexes.
Some people estimate that 70% of sexually active humans (it is not specified whether one is considered active from once per hour or more than once) will have to deal with HPV at least once in their lifetime.
It is also accepted that the risk of an infected person infecting his partner (s) is 60%. Very unfortunately, there is no percentage precision with animals!
On the other hand, it is certain that, in the great majority of cases, the body manages to eliminate the virus. In addition, having a papillomavirus is not in itself pathological.
If the papillomavirus enters the cell, it modifies its genome to deregulate it and thus give precancerous lesions. He will have all the more opportunities to enter the cell the longer he stays there.
Smoking, along with poor immunity, promotes infections.
40 is the number of HPVs that can be spread by direct sexual contact. 2 are responsible for genital warts (condylomas) and are not malignant.
HPVs cause cancers of the cervix (44%), anus (24%), oropharynx (22%), larynx, vulva, vagina and penis.
The Gardasil 9 vaccine replaced Cervarix and Gardasil 4 after some young girls developed autoimmune diseases: Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis or Mici.
In 2015, the National Medicines Safety Agency (ANSM) only retained an increased risk of developing Guillain-Barré syndrome, but it ruled out any link with multiple sclerosis or Mici.
The margin of ineffectiveness of the Gardasil 9 vaccine would be 10%.